This is the second national report on maternal death surveillance and response (MDSR) data from Ethiopia. It presents data reported to the national MDSR database in the Ethiopian Financial Year (EFY) 2008 (2015-16). In 2008 EFY, 633 maternal deaths were reported; this is 6% of the expected maternal deaths and an increase from 387 deaths between 2006 and 2007 EFY (2013-15).
The MDSR system has now been rolled-out to all regions in the country and includes data on deaths in the community and in facilities. In 2008 EFY the number of hospitals in Ethiopia grew significantly. Health-facility deaths now make up nearly 40% of investigated cases, which has contributed to an increase of reported events for 2008.
This expansion of the system leading to a larger number of community and facility data in 2008 makes it too early to compare the data from both reporting periods. This report should, therefore, be considered on its own. However, for future reports it is expected that the data will be used to determine patterns and trends in maternal mortality over time.
The feature of this report is a new response section with examples of actions from community level to national level in response to the review of maternal deaths and the data contained in the 2008 EFY MDSR Report.
Haemorrhage continues to be the leading cause of death with 42% of maternal deaths due to obstetric haemorrhage. The provision of trained staff and appropriate equipment is necessary to manage obstetric haemorrhage. All women should also be encouraged to use antenatal care services and be offered iron during their pregnancy to help prevent haemorrhage.
Click here to download the report (PDF).