Over 5 million perinatal deaths are estimated to occur annually in low-income and middle-income countries. Most of these deaths are not registered, reported or investigated by the health systems in these countries.
The 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) is a document that contains different codes for diseases, signs and symptoms. It is used globally by doctors and systems recording deaths to give a standardised code to different causes of adult and child deaths. In 2012, the WHO wrote ICD-MM: guidance on how to apply ICD-10 to deaths of women during pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (the period after delivery). However there was no single globally-recognised guidance on how to code the causes of the deaths of stillbirths and neonatal deaths, meaning that countries could not compare their estimates.
The World Health Organization has launched two important documents to address this problem: the WHO Application of ICD-10 to deaths during the perinatal period (ICD-PM) and the Making Every Baby Count: Audit and Review of Stillbirths and Neonatal Deaths. Continue reading